Software program Deployment Greatest Practices within the Azure Cloud

Cloud deployment is the method of deploying and managing purposes, companies, and infrastructure in a cloud computing surroundings. Cloud deployment gives scalability, reliability and accessibility over the web, and it permits organizations to make the most of the advantages of cloud computing, akin to value financial savings and improved flexibility.

Deploying software in a cloud surroundings includes a number of steps, together with packaging the software program, creating or provisioning the infrastructure, configuring and deploying the software program, testing and monitoring, and scaling and updating. It’s vital to familiarize your self with the instruments and companies provided by the cloud supplier you’re utilizing, and to have a plan in place for scaling and updating the software program as wanted.

What Is Azure App Service?

Azure App Service is a internet hosting service for HTTP-based internet purposes, cell backends, and REST APIs. You possibly can develop purposes in your most popular language (.NET, .NET Core, Ruby, Java, Node.js, PHP, Python), and simply run and scale them in Linux and Home windows-based environments. It’s generally used emigrate purposes to the Azure cloud.

App Service provides the options of the Microsoft Azure cloud to your utility—together with safety, autoscaling, load balancing, and auto-management. As well as, it gives DevOps capabilities like steady deployment (powered by GitHub, Azure DevOps, and Docker Hub), package deal administration, customized domains, staging/testing environments, and TLS/SSL certification.

Software program Deployment Greatest Practices in Azure

Use Deployment Slots

Use deployment slots each time doable when deploying new manufacturing variations. With the usual App Service plan tier or larger, you possibly can deploy an utility to the staging surroundings, see modifications, and run smoke exams. When prepared, you possibly can change the staging slots to manufacturing slots—swap the employee situations to get rid of downtime, by pre-warming a full manufacturing surroundings.

Constantly Deploy Code

If a challenge has branches designated for testing, staging, and QA, every department should be deployed repeatedly to a staging slot. This makes it straightforward for stakeholders to judge and check deployed branches.

Don’t allow steady deployment for manufacturing slots. As an alternative, the manufacturing department (often the grasp department) needs to be deployed right into a non-production slot. When builders are able to launch the principle department, substitute it with a manufacturing slot. Swapping to manufacturing as a substitute of deploying to manufacturing avoids downtime and allows you to simply roll again modifications (you merely swap again).

Microsoft Defender for Cloud and Azure Sentinel

Microsoft Defender for Cloud improves safety visibility and management of Azure assets, together with internet purposes, to assist stop, detect, and reply to threats. Microsoft Defender for Cloud helps detect threats which will go unnoticed.

Microsoft Sentinel is a cloud-native, scalable safety answer that gives Safety Info and Occasion Administration (SIEM), in addition to Safety Orchestration, Automation and Response (SOAR). These options present superior menace intelligence and safety analytics, together with assault detection, proactive searching, menace visibility, and menace response.

Microsoft Sentinel makes use of Azure-powered AI to energy investigation and detection. Microsoft gives its menace intelligence information, and you may convey your personal menace intelligence feeds.

Constantly Deploy Containers

For customized containers from a container registry like Docker, you possibly can deploy the container photos into staging slots and substitute it with a manufacturing employee occasion to keep away from downtime.

For each department deployed within the slot, you possibly can arrange automation to carry out these duties for every commit within the department:

  • Create a picture and tag it—tag photos with git commit IDs, timestamps, or different figuring out info as a part of your construct pipeline. Don’t use the default “newest” tag, in any other case deployed code will likely be tougher to hint and debug.
  • Push the picture—after constructing and tagging the picture, the pipeline can push the picture to a container registry. Subsequent, the deployment slot will pull the picture from the registry.
  • Make sure the deployment slot is up to date with the picture’s tag. When you’ve up to date this property, the appliance robotically restarts and pulls the brand new picture.

Implement Native Caching

All content material in Azure App Service is saved in Azure Storage and delivered as a persistent content material share. Nonetheless, some purposes require a read-only, high-performance content material space for storing that may function with excessive availability—these purposes profit from an area cache.

Nonetheless, word that native caching shouldn’t be advisable for content material administration websites like WordPress. Additionally, at all times use native caching with deployment slots to keep away from downtime.

Leverage Azure DevOps

App Service features a built-in characteristic to repeatedly ship containers by way of a Deployment Middle. Within the Azure portal, go to your app, and underneath Deployments, choose Deployment Middle. Observe the directions, deciding on a container repository and a department. This configures your DevOps construct and permits the discharge pipeline to automate the constructing, tagging, and deployment of containers when builders push new commits to the department of your alternative.

Set up a Internet Software Firewall

Internet purposes are generally focused by assaults that exploit recognized vulnerabilities. Widespread assaults embrace SQL injection and cross-site scripting assaults. Utterly stopping these assaults in your utility code could be troublesome, as a result of many layers of an utility topology would possibly require rigorous upkeep, patching, and monitoring.

A centralized WAF helps simplify safety administration. As an alternative of defending particular person internet purposes, WAF options may deal with safety threats by patching recognized vulnerabilities from a central location. Azure Software Gateway WAF centrally protects internet utility visitors from widespread assaults and vulnerabilities.


Deploying software program on Azure is a robust and cost-effective method to construct and run internet purposes, cell app backends, and RESTful APIs.

By following greatest practices you possibly can make sure the success and safety of your deployment. These greatest practices can assist you automate the deployment of your assets, guarantee consistency throughout your environments, troubleshoot points, monitor the efficiency of your deployment, defend your purposes and information, safeguard and handle cryptographic keys and secrets and techniques, check your utility in a staging surroundings and be sure that your deployment continues to operate correctly.

By Gilad David Maayan